Our sugar consumption
In industrialized countries, the daily consumption of sugar is very important. It is around 100g of sugar per day per capita, while it should not exceed 50g as part of a balanced diet, that is to say when the recommended daily caloric intake is between 1800 and 2600 calories (variable according to sex, weight, height, activity, etc.).
For example, the French (who are not exactly one in this area), buy an average of 35 kg of sugar per year, while the world average is 20 kg. The situation is the same in Canada, where one in five calories ingested comes from sugar directly or indirectly (cookies, drinks, etc.).
Alternatives to sugar: understand everything in 2 min
Good to know
The 2006-2007 INCA national survey (www.anses.fr) reveals that in France, average sugar consumption is 95 to 100g per day, including added sugars and naturally occurring sugars. The added sugars contribute approximately half of this sugar consumption, which means that on average, the French consume 50 to 60g of sugars per day, which is approximately the recommendation set by the WHO.
Our sugar needs
To meet its energy needs, the body needs a sugar called glucose.
This is not “classic” white sugar which after refining loses vitamins and minerals essential to health.
This white sugar, also called sucrose, can also have harmful effects on health if it is consumed in excess, and eventually cause hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes.
For the body to function properly, the blood sugar level (= glucose level) must vary between 0.80 and 1.10 grams per liter of fasting blood, and between 1 and 1.40 grams within 2 hours after a meal. .
For all those who want or need to control their sugar consumption, it is important to know that there are different alternatives to white sugar with variable glycemic indexes, that is to say more or less affecting blood sugar.
The opinion of our specialist
We often hear that sugar is like a drug. Our daily consumption is such that it becomes difficult to do without sugar. Everyone knows that it is sometimes complicated to resist the temptation to rush to the bottom of a box of cookies or a jar of ice cream.
Scientists at the University of California recently claimed in the prestigious journal Nature that sugar has harmful characteristics, common to those of very controlled and dangerous substances like alcohol or tobacco.